Solomon Islands is an archipelagic state situated in the south-west Pacific Ocean, approximately 2,000 kms to the northeast of Australia. Its land mass of 28,400 km² extends over nearly 1000 islands comprising nine main island groups. The capital, Honiara, is located on Guadalcanal, the largest island. The population of Solomon Islands, estimated to be about 599, 500, is predominantly Melanesian (about 95 per cent) although there are also small Polynesian, Micronesian, Chinese and European communities. There are 63 distinct languages in the country, with numerous local dialects. English is the official language but Solomon’s Pijin is the lingua franca for the majority of people. The Territory works closely with the Solomon Islands through an Australian Medical Assistance Team (AUSMAT) through the National Critical Care Trauma response Centre (NCCTRC) on behalf of the Australian Government in April 2013 to support health infectious disease emergency in Honiara.